The argument for a simulated universe brought forward by Nick Bostrom in paper presented in 2003. In the Abstract he states the following hypothesis:
- “A technologically mature “posthuman” civilization would have enormous computing power. Based on this empirical fact, the simulation argument shows that at least one of the following propositions is true:
- The fraction of human-level civilizations that reach a posthuman stage is very close to zero;
- The fraction of posthuman civilizations that are interested in running ancestor-simulations is very close to zero;
- The fraction of all people with our kind of experiences that are living in a simulation is very close to one.
- If (1) is true, then we will almost certainly go extinct before reaching posthumanity. If (2) is true, then there must be a strong convergence among the courses of advanced civilizations so that virtually none contains any relatively wealthy individuals who desire to run ancestor-simulations and are free to do so. If (3) is true, then we almost certainly live in a simulation. In the dark forest of our current ignorance, it seems sensible to apportion one’s credence roughly evenly between (1), (2), and (3).
- Unless we are now living in a simulation, our descendants will almost certainly never run an ancestor-simulation.“
- In this Youtube Video Youtuber Christopher Copon compiled a number of different videos (most of them if not all can be found on youtube) that give a good intro into the subject of the Simulation Argument. (The music is a little bit loud in the first third of the video – the interviews are all good)